AIDS research and human retroviruses 2017 09 14() doi 10.1089/AID.2017.0091
CRF07_BC was originally formed in Yunnan province of China in 1980s and spread quickly in injecting drug users (IDUs). In recent years, it has been introduced into men who have sex with men (MSM) and become the most dominant strain in China. In this study, we performed a comprehensively phylodynamic analysis of CRF07_BC sequences from China. All CRF07_BC sequences identified in China were retrieved from database. More sequences obtained in our laboratory were added to make the dataset more representative. An maximum-likelihood (ML) tree was constructed with PhyML3.0. Maximum clade credibility (MCC) tree and effective population size were predicted by using Markov Chains Monte Carlo sampling method with Beast software. A total of 610 CRF07_BC sequences coving 1,473 bp of the gag gene (from 817 to 2,289 according to HXB2 calculator) were included into the dataset. Three epidemic clusters were identified; two clusters comprised sequences from IDUs, while one cluster mainly contained sequences from MSMs. The time of the most recent common ancestor of clusters that composed of sequences from MSMs was estimated to be in 2000. Two rapid spreading waves of effective population size of CRF07_BC infections were identified in the skyline plot. The second wave coincided with the expanding of MSM cluster. The results indicated that the control of CRF07_BC infections in MSMs would help to decrease its epidemic in China.