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Phytochemical characterization of the Vochysia rufa (Vochysiaceae) extract and its effects on oxidative stress in the pancreata of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Phytochemical characterization of the Vochysia rufa (Vochysiaceae) extract and its effects on oxidative stress in the pancreata of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
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de Gouveia NM, Rodrigues WF, de Sousa RMF, Calábria LK, Mundim AV, Miguel CB, Oliveira CJF, Lazo-Chica JE, de Oliveira A, Lago JHG, Dos Santos VB, do Lago CL, Espindola FS,


de Gouveia NM, Rodrigues WF, de Sousa RMF, Calábria LK, Mundim AV, Miguel CB, Oliveira CJF, Lazo-Chica JE, de Oliveira A, Lago JHG, Dos Santos VB, do Lago CL, Espindola FS, (click to view)

de Gouveia NM, Rodrigues WF, de Sousa RMF, Calábria LK, Mundim AV, Miguel CB, Oliveira CJF, Lazo-Chica JE, de Oliveira A, Lago JHG, Dos Santos VB, do Lago CL, Espindola FS,

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PloS one 2017 10 0512(10) e0184807 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0184807
Abstract

Aqueous extract of macerated Vochysia rufa stem bark has been commonly used in the treatment of diabetes. Therefore, we evaluated the antihyperglycemic and antioxidant effects of an extract of V. rufa on the pancreata of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Animals received one of the following treatments daily by oral gavage: water (diabetic-control), V. rufa extract (diabetic-V. rufa), or glibenclamide (diabetic-GBD). Total antioxidant capacity; levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, reduced glutathione, and sulfhydryls; and superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were measured in the pancreas. Biochemical analysis of serum total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides, creatinine, urea, acid uric, ALP, γ-GT, AST, and ALT was performed, and pancreatic β-cells positive for insulin were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Rats treated with extract exhibited a decrease in fasting blood glucose compared with levels in diabetic control rats. GPx activity and sulfhydryl levels were significantly lower in diabetic-V. rufa rats compared with those of diabetic-control rats. V. rufa extract acted to normalize the biochemical alterations found in diabetic rats (diabetic-controls), as demonstrated by increases in urea, HDL, ALP, AST, and ALT. Reduction in blood glucose was independent of an increase in insulin. The V. rufa extract was found to be composed of free sugars (inositol, galactose, glucose, mannose, sucrose, arabinose, and ribose) as the main metabolites. Thus, aqueous extract of the stem bark of V. rufa is capable of reducing blood glucose, resulting in an antioxidant effect on the pancreatic tissue of STZ-diabetic rats.

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