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Plant Cell Wall Dynamics in Compatible and Incompatible Potato Response to Infection Caused by Potato Virus Y (PVY).

Plant Cell Wall Dynamics in Compatible and Incompatible Potato Response to Infection Caused by Potato Virus Y (PVY).
Author Information (click to view)

Otulak-Kozieł K, Kozieł E, Lockhart BEL,


Otulak-Kozieł K, Kozieł E, Lockhart BEL, (click to view)

Otulak-Kozieł K, Kozieł E, Lockhart BEL,

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International journal of molecular sciences 2018 03 1519(3) pii E862
Abstract

The cell wall provides the structure of the plant, and also acts as a barier against biotic stress. The vein necrosis strain of(PVY) induces necrotic disease symptoms that affect both plant growth and yield. Virus infection triggers a number of inducible basal defense responses, including defense proteins, especially those involved in cell wall metabolism. This study investigates the comparison of cell wall host dynamics induced in a compatible (potato cv. Irys) and incompatible (potato cv. Sárpo Mira with hypersensitive reaction gene) PVY-host-plant interaction. Ultrastructural analyses revealed numerous cell wall changes induced by virus infection. Furthermore, the localization of essential defensive wall-associated proteins in susceptible and resistant potato host to PVYinfection were investigated. The data revealed a higher level of detection of pathogenesis-related protein 2 (PR-2) in a compatible compared to an incompatible (HR) interaction. Immunofluorescence analyses indicated that hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGP) (extensin) synthesis was induced, whereas that of cellulose synthase catalytic subunits (CesA4) decreased as a result of PVYinfection. The highest level of extensin localization was found in HR potato plants. Proteins involved in cell wall metabolism play a crucial role in the interaction because they affect the spread of the virus. Analysis of CesA4, PR-2 and HRGP deposition within the apoplast and symplast confirmed the active trafficking of these proteins as a step-in potato cell wall remodeling in response to PVYinfection. Therefore, cell wall reorganization may be regarded as an element of "signWALLing"-involving apoplast and symplast activation as a specific response to viruses.

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