The pandemic of coronavirus associated disease (COVID-19) placed the health care workers at high risk. We investigated clinical and treatment characteristics of infected medical professionals in a cardiovascular hospital.
The study was retrospective, conducted in tertiary cardiovascular hospital and included employees with confirmed coronavirus infection. They filled out a questionnaire about health status, symptoms, admission to hospital and treatment. The vaccination status against tuberculosis, hepatitis B and seasonal influenza was assessed. Pneumonia was defined as CT finding of ground glass opacifications (GGO) with consolidations typical for COVID-19.
The study included 107 confirmed cases of COVID – 19 out of 726 employees (15%). Most of the infected were from cardiac surgery department (74/107, 69%). Substantial number of employees did not have any symptoms [31 (28.9%)] and 38 patients (35.5%) were admitted to hospital. The average hospital length of stay was 8.1 ± 5.6 days. Seventy-five of 107 (70.1%) received seasonal influenza vaccine. Pneumonia with CT features of GGO and consolidation occurred in 25/107 (23.4%) patients of which 14/107 (13.1%) had bilateral involvement. In multivariate logistic regression analysis including recognized characteristics associated with worse outcomes in COVID-19 (obesity, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, current smoking, heart failure, influenza immunization), only influenza immunization remained an independent predictor of occurrence of bilateral pneumonia (OR 0.207; 95%CI[0.050 – 0.847]; p = 0.029).
The association of influenza immunization and less aggressive form of pneumonia might provide a finding that supports the institution of preventive measures that can be beneficial in reduction of global coronavirus burden.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

References

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