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Poisoning deaths in Poland: Types and frequencies reported in Łódź, Kraków, Sosnowiec, Gdańsk, Wrocław and Poznań during 2009-2013.

Poisoning deaths in Poland: Types and frequencies reported in Łódź, Kraków, Sosnowiec, Gdańsk, Wrocław and Poznań during 2009-2013.
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Krakowiak A, Piekarska-Wijatkowska A, Kobza-Sindlewska K, Rogaczewska A, Politański P, Hydzik P, Szkolnicka B, Kłopotowski T, Picheta S, Porębska B, Antończyk A, Waldman W, Sein Anand J, Matuszkiewicz E, Łukasik-Głębocka M,


Krakowiak A, Piekarska-Wijatkowska A, Kobza-Sindlewska K, Rogaczewska A, Politański P, Hydzik P, Szkolnicka B, Kłopotowski T, Picheta S, Porębska B, Antończyk A, Waldman W, Sein Anand J, Matuszkiewicz E, Łukasik-Głębocka M, (click to view)

Krakowiak A, Piekarska-Wijatkowska A, Kobza-Sindlewska K, Rogaczewska A, Politański P, Hydzik P, Szkolnicka B, Kłopotowski T, Picheta S, Porębska B, Antończyk A, Waldman W, Sein Anand J, Matuszkiewicz E, Łukasik-Głębocka M,

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International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health 2017 08 22() pii 66858
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study has been to assess the characteristics of acute poisoning deaths in Poland over a period of time 2009-2013.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
The analysis was based on the data obtained from the patient records stored in toxicology departments in 6 cities – Łódź, Kraków, Sosnowiec, Gdańsk, Wrocław and Poznań. Toxicological analyses were routinely performed in blood and/or urine. Major toxic substances were classified to one of the following categories: pharmaceuticals, alcohol group poisonings (ethanol and other alcohols), gases, solvents, drugs of abuse, pesticides, metals, mushrooms, others. Cases were analyzed according to the following criteria: year, age and gender of analyzed patients, toxic substance category and type of poisoning. The recorded fatal poisonings were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases.

RESULTS
The record of 261 deaths were retrospectively reviewed. There were 187 males (71.64%) and 74 females (28.36%) and the male to female ratio was 2.52. Alcohol group poisonings were more frequently responsible for deaths in men compared to all poisonings, 91.1% vs. 71.6%, respectively (p < 0.05), and pharmaceutical agents were more frequently responsible for deaths in women, 47.4% vs. 28.4%, (p < 0.05). Methanol was the most common agent in the alcohol group poisonings, accounting for 43.75% (N = 49), followed by ethylene glycol, 39.29% (N = 44), and ethanol, 16.96% (N = 19). CONCLUSIONS
Epidemiological profile data from investigation of poisoning deaths in Poland may be very useful for the development of preventive programs. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(6).

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