Expression and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TLR4/9 and CYP1A1 genes are vital for cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) but considerably vary in different populations.
A total of 255-subjects from Jharkhand (130-cases, 125-controls) were utilized to obtain the expression/SNP status of TLR4/9, CYP1A1, and E6 (HPV16/18) by RT-PCR, WB, and allele-specific-PCR followed by sequencing.
Over-expression of TLR4/9 and high infection of HPV16/18(78.5%) were found to be associated with CSCC. Among the seven SNPs(p1-p7) tested, the CT-genotype (p3:rs1927911; OR = 2.142; p = 0.004) and ‘T’-allele (p3; OR = 1.694; p = 0.0061) of TLR4; CC-genotype (p4:rs5743836; OR = 3.307; p = 0.0018), ‘C’-allele (p4; OR = 1.895; p = 0.0009), GA-genotype (p5:rs352140; OR = 2.064; p = 0.0172), AA-genotype (p5; OR = 2.602; p = 0.0021) and ‘A’-allele (p5; OR = 1.939; p = 0.0002) of TLR9; and the TC-genotype (p6:rs4646903; OR = 1.967; p = 0.0452) and GG-genotype (p7:rs1048943; OR = 2.336; p = 0.0287) and ‘G’-allele (p7; OR = 1.685; p = 0.0082) of CYP1A1 were associated with an increased-risk of CSCC. Similarly, the p3:CT-genotype (OR = 1.993; p = 0.0134); p4:CC-genotype (OR = 3.071; p = 0.0057) and ‘C’-allele (OR = 1.838; p = 0.0029); p5:AA-genotype (OR = 2.231; p = 0.0147) and ‘A’-allele (OR = 1.756; p = 0.0032); p6:TC-genotype (OR = 2.370; p = 0.02); and the p7:GG-genotype (OR = 2.255; p = 0.0488) and ‘G’-allele (OR = 1.691; p = 0.0118) showed an association with HPV16/18 infection. Conversely, TLR4 (p1-p2-p3:A-G-T; OR = 3.361; p = 0.029), TLR9 (p4-p5:C-A; OR = 1.786; p = 0.032) and CYP1A1 (p6-p7:C-G; OR = 1.783; p = 0.033) haplotypes with CSCC susceptibility was observed, whereas the TLR4 (p1-p2-p3:A-C-C; OR = 0.4675; p = 8.E-3) and TLR9 (p4-p5:T-G; OR = 0.3937; p = 0.00) haplotypes showed protection against the development of CSCC. Further, though p1:rs10759931 and p2:rs11536889 were found to be insignificant, the p3:CT-genotype, p5:GA/AA-genotype, and p7:GG-genotype were associated with elevated protein; the p4:CC-genotype and p6:TC-genotype were associated with increased mRNA compared to their respective-wild-type-groups.
The present study revealed an association between TLR4/9 and CYP1A1 polymorphisms with increased HPV16/18 infection susceptibility and CSCC risk among the women of Jharkhand state.

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