eScreening is a mobile health technology resource for veterans and staff to support Veterans Health Administration initiatives such as early identification of health problems, shared decision-making, and measurement-based care.
We conducted an exploratory mixed methods retrospective study with newly enrolling post-9/11 veterans to (1) understand eScreening user experience and obtain practical feedback on the technology to guide improvements, (2) assess veteran satisfaction with eScreening following improvements to the technology, and (3) examine veteran characteristics associated with eScreening satisfaction. Focus group data were collected on user experience with eScreening from a sample of veterans who participated in an eScreening pilot. Guided by a user-centered design approach, findings informed improvements to the technology. Survey data were subsequently collected from a large cohort of veterans to assess satisfaction with the improved program. Questionnaire data were also collected to examine variables associated with eScreening satisfaction. Qualitative focus group data were analyzed using content analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize sociodemographic variables, questionnaires, and satisfaction ratings. Correlations were run to examine the relationship between certain veteran characteristics (eg, age, resiliency, anxiety, insomnia, post-traumatic stress disorder, somatic symptoms, depression, pain) and satisfaction with eScreening. All research activities were conducted at VA San Diego Healthcare System and approved by the Institutional Review Board.
Focus group data revealed that veterans were largely satisfied with eScreening, but they suggested some improvements (eg, to interface functionality), which were integrated into an updated version of eScreening. Following these changes, survey data revealed that veterans were highly satisfied with eScreening, including its usability, information security, and impact on health services. There were statistically significant, though not clinically meaningful relationships between health-related characteristics and satisfaction with eScreening. However, millennials showed significantly higher satisfaction ratings compared with non-millennials.
These findings support the use of patient experiences and feedback to aide product development. In addition, post-9/11 veterans support the use of eScreening to assist health screening. However, evaluating the eScreening program in more diverse veteran groups and Veterans Affairs settings is needed to improve the generalizability of these findings to the larger veteran population.

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