Patients with Rome-positive IBS were identified. Premenopausal women were <45 years of age with regular menses. Postmenopausal women were ≥45 years without menses for at least 1 year. Younger men were <45 years, and older men were ≥45 years. Questionnaires measured severity of IBS symptoms, somatic symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and psychological symptoms. Multivariable linear or logistic regressions evaluating relationships between age and sex were performed.
190 premenopausal women (mean age 30.25 years), 52 postmenopausal women (mean age 54.38 years), 190 men <45 years (mean age 30.45 years), and 52 men ≥45 years (mean age 53.37 years) were included. Postmenopausal IBS women had greater severity of IBS symptoms (P = .003) and worse physical HRQOL (P = .048) compared to premenopausal women. No differences were observed between age-matched older and younger IBS men. Constipation increased with age for both sexes but was the principal IBS subtype in women only.
Postmenopausal women with IBS have more severe IBS symptoms than premenopausal women, while no comparable age-related changes were seen in IBS men. The modulatory effect of female sex hormones on brain-gut interactions which affect visceral perception and GI function likely contributes to these findings.
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