Joint concurrent partnerships, which facilitate the transmission of HIV in many high-prevalence countries, are only beginning to receive the attention they deserve. Recent research on concurrent partnerships and the implications for high HIV risk in sexually networked but sexually modest general populations is forcing another assessment of the response to HIV. In light of the epidemic, it is essential to understand better which policies will better meet HIV prevention and FP needs. This article explores the potential of dual-use policies by examining Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

However, Mozambique continues to have a much weaker FP program. Still, it is witnessing a significant increase in condom use driven by their strong HIV program, further integrated with FP content.

The study concluded that integration of HIV and FP programs could meet the need for HIV and pregnancy prevention more efficiently. By themselves, these programs are unable to meet the demand for condoms. The poorest of the poor are feeling the brunt of this inadequacy. Countries such as Zimbabwe and Mozambique have the potential to improve their efforts in increasing condom use tremendously. We suggest that thoughtful and detailed integration of HIV and FP programs will synergistically reach common goals.