Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a non-transmissible condition with high prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. Different strategies for the management of AMI are employed worldwide, but its early diagnosis remains a major challenge. Many molecules have been proposed in recent years as predictive agents in the early detection of AMI, including troponin (C, T and I), creatine kinase MB isoenzyme, myoglobin, heart-type fatty acid-binding protein, and a family of histone deacetylases with enzymatic activities named sirtuins. Sirtuins may be used as predictive or complementary treatment strategies and the results of recent preclinical studies are promising. However, human clinical trials are scarce, data are insipid, and many issues have been raised regarding the predictive values of sirtuins. The present review summarizes research on the predictive value of sirtuins in AMI. We also briefly summarize relevant clinical trials and discuss future perspectives and possible clinical applications.
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