AIDS and behavior 2017 07 07() doi 10.1007/s10461-017-1842-2
Prescription opioid misuse is a rising epidemic in the U.S., and people living with HIV are at increased risk. We assessed the association between prescription opioid use and virologic failure in HIV+ patients in the South Texas HIV Cohort. We found prescription opioid use was significantly associated with virologic failure, after adjustment for age, race, gender, insurance status, years living with HIV, reported HIV risk factor, chronic hepatitis C virus infection, current substance abuse, and care engagement. These findings suggest that opioid analgesic use may have negative consequences beyond misuse in people living with HIV.