The past two decades have seen a vast expansion of social media in all aspects of our lives. Scholars and journals are steadily increasing their social media presence to reach a wider audience. We compared the social media mentions (SMs) of vascular surgery publications and their effect on the literature citations (LCs) for them.

A total of 169 articles from three renowned vascular surgery journals (Journal of Vascular Surgery [JVS], Annals of Vascular Surgery, and European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery) in October 2016 were collected. All three journals are published by the same publisher (Elsevier). SMs were tracked using Altmetric Bookmarklet for Twitter and Facebook mentions. The LCs were evaluated using Scopus and Google Scholar. The number of citations was compared between those with and without any SMs and among the three journals using nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis tests. The proportion of articles with SMs was compared among the three journals using a χ2 test. The relationship between the numbers of SMs and LCs was assessed using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient and reported as 95% confidence intervals. Statistical significance was assigned at P < .05.

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