There is limited real-world evidence on the burden of migraine among patients with prior preventive treatment failure (PPTF). In the BECOME Swiss subanalysis, we aimed to assess current prevalence of PPTF in patients with migraine seen at specialised headache centres in Switzerland and burden of migraine in these patients. Furthermore, we assessed this burden in subgroups stratified by monthly migraine days (MMDs) and number of PPTFs.
BECOME was a prospective, multicentre, non-interventional two-part study conducted in 17 countries across Europe and Israel. This subanalysis includes patients visiting ten headache specialist centres in Switzerland. In part 1, patients visiting the centres over 3 months were screened by physicians for frequency of PPTF, MMD and other migraine characteristics. Patients with ≥ 1 PPTF and ≥ 4 MMDs were invited to take part in part 2. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with ≥ 1 PPTF (part 1). Other endpoints included proportion of patients specified by number of PPTF and MMD (part 1, part 2), and impact of migraine on patient-reported outcomes (PROs; part 2).
Patients (1677) from ten Swiss centres were included in part 1, of which 855 (51.0%) reported ≥ 1 PPTF. One hundred fifty-five patients were included in part 2: 6.5% reported ≥ 4 PPTFs and 43.2% reported ≥ 15 MMDs. Mean EuroQoL 5 and EuroQoL visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) were 0.8 ± 0.2 and 69.6 ± 20.2, respectively, suggesting a mild level of impairment in the daily functioning and self-reported health of the patients. Mean six-item Headache Impact Test (HIT-6) and modified Migraine Disability Assessment (mMIDAS) scores were 63.3 ± 6.5 and 22.7 ± 21.8, respectively, corresponding to severe migraine burden. Patients also reported impairment in work-related productivity and general activities (48.6 ± 22.8) but no associations of anxiety (7.2 ± 4.4) or depression (6.0 ± 4.4) with migraine were noted. Burden of migraine increased with increasing frequency of PPTF and MMD.
Migraine-related quality of life, as well as work productivity are significantly affected in Swiss patients with migraine. Increasing migraine burden is associated with increasing migraine frequency and prior treatment failures.

© 2023. The Author(s).