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Prevalence and Characteristics of Pediatric Healthcare Workers without Immunity to Varicella zoster Virus.

Prevalence and Characteristics of Pediatric Healthcare Workers without Immunity to Varicella zoster Virus.
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Anugulruengkitt S, Puthanakit T, Siengboon S, Paitoonpong L, Kowitdamrong E, Pancharoen C, Pichitchok Y,


Anugulruengkitt S, Puthanakit T, Siengboon S, Paitoonpong L, Kowitdamrong E, Pancharoen C, Pichitchok Y, (click to view)

Anugulruengkitt S, Puthanakit T, Siengboon S, Paitoonpong L, Kowitdamrong E, Pancharoen C, Pichitchok Y,

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Japanese journal of infectious diseases 2016 08 3170(2) 216-218 doi 10.7883/yoken.JJID.2016.227
Abstract

This study aimed to determine the proportion of varicella non-immune pediatric healthcare workers (HCWs) of the Pediatrics Department of King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital and to determine cost-effective strategies for identifying non-immune personnel. A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire to determine HCWs’ histories of chickenpox or 2-dose varicella vaccination was conducted. From a total of 699 HCWs, 653 HCWs (93%), including 145 physicians (22%), 297 nurses (46%), and 211 administrative staff (32%), responded to questionnaires. There were 475 HCWs (73%) who had a history of chickenpox, 58 (9%) who had completed the 2-dose varicella vaccine schedule, and 120 (18%) whose varicella-zoster virus (VZV) immunity status was uncertain. In total, 107 HCWs (89%) were tested for VZV IgG, 90 of whom had immunity, and 17 were determined to be non-immune. After combining history and VZV IgG test results, the prevalence of non-immune HCWs was 2.6% (95%CI 1.4-3.8), with those ≤40 years of age at higher risk of non-immunity. Implementing a strategy that involves testing of only those with an unknown VZV status and vaccination for only those determined to be non-immune costs 1,801 United States dollar (USD), less than the total cost (4,601 USD) for vaccinating all HCWs with uncertain status.

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