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Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension: A nationwide cross-sectional study in Lebanon.

Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension: A nationwide cross-sectional study in Lebanon.
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Cherfan M, Blacher J, Asmar R, Chahine MN, Zeidan RK, Farah R, Salameh P,


Cherfan M, Blacher J, Asmar R, Chahine MN, Zeidan RK, Farah R, Salameh P, (click to view)

Cherfan M, Blacher J, Asmar R, Chahine MN, Zeidan RK, Farah R, Salameh P,

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Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.) 2018 03 31() doi 10.1111/jch.13268
Abstract

There is limited epidemiologic data on hypertension (HTN) in Lebanon. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of HTN in the adult Lebanese population and evaluate the association between dietary and psychological factors on systolic blood pressure (SBP). Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using a multistage cluster sample across Lebanon. A total of 2014 participants were included. The prevalence and control rates of HTN were 31.2% and 28.7%, respectively. In women, educational level and physical activity were negatively associated with HTN (P < .05 for both) and adherence to the Lebanese Mediterranean diet was associated with a lower SBP. Other factors were associated with HTN in men. There was no relationship with SBP and psychological distress. Of the modifiable risk factors, body mass index persisted as the only contributory factor in both sexes (P < .01). Accordingly, prevention of HTN at the population level should focus mainly on overweight prevention.

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