HIV medicine 2018 03 24() doi 10.1111/hiv.12610
Measles infection is a vaccine-preventable disease currently resurging in Europe. HIV-infected subjects are at higher risk of complications following measles infection. We investigated the risk factors associated with being seronegative in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects.
All HIV-infected subjects in our cohort who had a measles serological test performed between December 2005 and May 2017 were retrospectively identified. A measles immunoglobulin G (IgG) titre > 275 mIU/mL was considered protective. Risk factors were analysed using logistic regression.
Measles serology was available in 273 of 3124 subjects in active follow-up (8.7%). The prevalence of measles seronegativity was 21.6% (59 of 273). In the univariate analysis, being born after 1970 and HIV infection by vertical transmission were both associated with a higher risk of measles seronegativity, while a nadir CD4 T-cell count < 200 cells/μL was associated with a lower risk of measles seronegativity. In the multivariate analysis, only being born after 1970 [odds ratio (OR) 4.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-18.7] and vertical transmission (OR 7.7; 95% CI 3.3-18.3) were significantly associated with seronegativity. Among the vertically infected subjects with measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) immunization documentation, the median number of doses of vaccine received before testing was 2 (range 1-3). CONCLUSIONS
HIV-infected subjects born after 1970 and vertically infected subjects should be screened for measles seropositivity.