To determine the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in female patients with fibromyalgia (FM)presenting to physical therapy outpatient clinics.
The 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) questionnaire, Berlin test, and epworth sleepiness scale were administered, along with a polysomnography to 38 female patients. This cross-sectional study comprised diagnosed with FM according to the diagnostic criteria of the American College of Rheumatology, between March 2017 and August 2019, at the Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale, Turkey.
Of the participants, 65.9% were found to have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with OSA were older and had a higher disease activity score for FM. A strong positive correlation was identified between the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and the FA disease activity score. A negative correlation was found between AHI and the subscales of SF-36.
A clinical assessment of female patients with FM requires a multidisciplinary approach, and patients with excessive daytime sleepiness in particular are recommended to undergo polysomnography. The authors believe that the early detection and treatment of accompanying OSA will contribute not only to the quality of life, but also to the survival of patients with FM.