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Prevalence of Osteoporosis and Effectiveness of Screening Test Using Ultrasound Bone Densitometry and Education in a Community-Dwelling Population.

Prevalence of Osteoporosis and Effectiveness of Screening Test Using Ultrasound Bone Densitometry and Education in a Community-Dwelling Population.
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Kwon YJ, Park KS, Choi BH, Kim BS, Ha YC,


Kwon YJ, Park KS, Choi BH, Kim BS, Ha YC, (click to view)

Kwon YJ, Park KS, Choi BH, Kim BS, Ha YC,

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Journal of Korean medical science 32(2) 352-356 doi 10.3346/jkms.2017.32.2.352
Abstract

This prospective intervention study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence and treatment rate of osteoporosis following osteoporosis screening tests in the same cohort. From November 1, 2014 to August 31, 2015, participants received screening tests for osteoporosis using ultrasound bone densitometry and education concerning osteoporosis and related conditions. The participants were interviewed using a questionnaire on the diagnosis and initiation of osteoporosis treatment during the follow-up period. Of 960 potential participants, 595 people (68.8%; 150 men and 445 women) were given bone densitometry measurements and completed the questionnaire. The mean age of the participants was 74.0 years. Of the 595 participants, 393 people (66.1%; 67 men and 326 woman) were diagnosed with osteoporosis (T score < -2.5). The prevalence of osteoporosis showed an increasing trend, from 48.1% in 2004 to 66.1% in 2015. Of the 393 participants diagnosed with osteoporosis, 65 participants received additional bone densitometry measurements while hospitalized and osteoporosis management was re-initiated in 44 patients. The osteoporosis management rate in the study cohort increased from 21.6% to 32.8%, with osteoporosis diagnosed in 66.2% of participants at the latest follow-up. This prospective intervention study demonstrated that a screening test and an educational brochure increased the treatment rate from 21.6% to 32.8%.

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