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Prevalence of overweight and obesity among police officers in Riyadh City and risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among police officers in Riyadh City and risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
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Alghamdi AS, Yahya MA, Alshammari GM, Osman MA,


Alghamdi AS, Yahya MA, Alshammari GM, Osman MA, (click to view)

Alghamdi AS, Yahya MA, Alshammari GM, Osman MA,

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Lipids in health and disease 2017 04 1416(1) 79 doi 10.1186/s12944-017-0467-9
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Despite the prevalence of overweight and obesity and increases in associated diseases such as diabetes and heart disease in the Saudi population, no studies have addressed the spread of obesity among Saudi police officers. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and associations with biochemical parameters among the police in Riyadh.

METHOD
The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 160 police officers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, lipid profiles and fasting blood sugar levels were measured for all individuals.

RESULTS
According to the results, the average body mass index (BMI) was 27.5 ± 5.1, indicating an increase in overweight in this population and 66.9% were overweight or obese. Moreover, the mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were 119.5 and 79.4 mmHg, respectively, within normal limits. The mean total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) levels were 187.5, 43.9, 119.5 and 124.5 mg/100 ml, respectively.

DISCUSSION
These BMI and biochemical findings suggest a high proportion of overweight and obese individuals in the sample population, as well as an increase in the proportion of individuals with high levels of biochemical indicators who are therefore susceptible to heart disease and diabetes.

CONCLUSION
The study recommends using preventive programs to combat obesity and overweight and related diseases and conducting further studies using measures other than BMI.

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