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Prevalence of persistent blood eosinophilia: relation to outcomes in patients with COPD.

Prevalence of persistent blood eosinophilia: relation to outcomes in patients with COPD.
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Casanova C, Celli BR, de-Torres JP, Martínez-Gonzalez C, Cosio BG, Pinto-Plata V, de Lucas-Ramos P, Divo M, Fuster A, Peces-Barba G, Calle-Rubio M, Solanes I, Aguero R, Feu-Collado N, Alfageme I, De Diego A, Romero A, Balcells E, Llunell A, Galdiz JB, Marin M, Moreno A, Cabrera C, Golpe R, Lacarcel C, Soriano JB, López-Campos JL, Soler-Cataluña JJ, Marin JM,


Casanova C, Celli BR, de-Torres JP, Martínez-Gonzalez C, Cosio BG, Pinto-Plata V, de Lucas-Ramos P, Divo M, Fuster A, Peces-Barba G, Calle-Rubio M, Solanes I, Aguero R, Feu-Collado N, Alfageme I, De Diego A, Romero A, Balcells E, Llunell A, Galdiz JB, Marin M, Moreno A, Cabrera C, Golpe R, Lacarcel C, Soriano JB, López-Campos JL, Soler-Cataluña JJ, Marin JM, (click to view)

Casanova C, Celli BR, de-Torres JP, Martínez-Gonzalez C, Cosio BG, Pinto-Plata V, de Lucas-Ramos P, Divo M, Fuster A, Peces-Barba G, Calle-Rubio M, Solanes I, Aguero R, Feu-Collado N, Alfageme I, De Diego A, Romero A, Balcells E, Llunell A, Galdiz JB, Marin M, Moreno A, Cabrera C, Golpe R, Lacarcel C, Soriano JB, López-Campos JL, Soler-Cataluña JJ, Marin JM,

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The European respiratory journal 2017 11 2250(5) pii 1701162
Abstract

The impact of blood eosinophilia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains controversial.To evaluate the prevalence and stability of a high level of blood eosinophils (≥300 cells·μL(-1)) and its relationship to outcomes, we determined blood eosinophils at baseline and over 2 years in 424 COPD patients (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) 60% predicted) and 67 smokers without COPD from the CHAIN cohort, and in 308 COPD patients (FEV1 60% predicted) in the BODE cohort. We related eosinophil levels to exacerbations and survival using Cox hazard analysis.In COPD patients, 15.8% in the CHAIN cohort and 12.3% in the BODE cohort had persistently elevated blood eosinophils at all three visits. A significant proportion (43.8%) of patients had counts that oscillated above and below the cut-off points, while the rest had persistent eosinophil levels <300 cells·μL(-1) A similar eosinophil blood pattern was observed in controls. Exacerbation rates did not differ in patients with and without eosinophilia. All-cause mortality was lower in patients with high eosinophils compared with those with values <300 cells·μL(-1) (15.8% versus 33.7%; p=0.026).In patients with COPD, blood eosinophils ≥300 cells·μL(-1) persisting over 2 years was not a risk factor for COPD exacerbations. High eosinophil count was associated with better survival.

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