Advertisement

 

 

Prevalence of Self-Reported Diagnosed Cataract and Associated Risk Factors among Elderly South Africans.

Prevalence of Self-Reported Diagnosed Cataract and Associated Risk Factors among Elderly South Africans.
Author Information (click to view)

Phaswana-Mafuya N, Peltzer K, Crampin A, Ahame E, Sokhela Z,


Phaswana-Mafuya N, Peltzer K, Crampin A, Ahame E, Sokhela Z, (click to view)

Phaswana-Mafuya N, Peltzer K, Crampin A, Ahame E, Sokhela Z,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

International journal of environmental research and public health 2017 12 0614(12) pii 10.3390/ijerph14121523

Abstract

This paper estimates the prevalence of self-reported cataract and associated risk factors among individuals aged ≥50 years in South Africa. Data from a nationally-representative cross-sectional Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) (N = 3646) conducted in South Africa from 2007-2008 was analyzed. The primary outcome was self-reported cataract, and exposures included socio-demographics, self-reported co-morbidities, and behavioral factors. Linearized multivariate logistic regression models were used. The weighted prevalence of self-reported diagnosed cataract was 4.4% (95%CI: 3.4-5.8). Prevalence was greater among individuals with advancing age (10.2%), higher quality of life (QoL) (5.9%), education (5.2%), and wealth (5.8%) than their counterparts. Prevalence was also higher among individuals with depression (17.5%), diabetes (13.3%), hypertension (9.1%), and stroke (8.4%) compared to those without these conditions, with the exception of obesity (4.2%). In the final multivariate model, the odds of self-reported cataract were: 4.14 times higher among people ≥70 years than 50 to 59 year olds (95%CI: 2.28-7.50); 2.48 times higher in urban than rural residents (95%CI: 1.25-4.92); 5.16, 2.99, and 1.97 times higher for individuals with depression (95%CI: 1.92-13.86), hypertension (95%CI: 1.60-5.59), and diabetes (95%CI: 1.07-3.61), compared to those without these conditions.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

18 + 8 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]