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Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunction among Expectant Women.

Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunction among Expectant Women.
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Monteiro MN, Lucena EE, Cabral PU, Queiroz Filho J, Queiroz J, Gonçalves AK,


Monteiro MN, Lucena EE, Cabral PU, Queiroz Filho J, Queiroz J, Gonçalves AK, (click to view)

Monteiro MN, Lucena EE, Cabral PU, Queiroz Filho J, Queiroz J, Gonçalves AK,

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Revista brasileira de ginecologia e obstetricia : revista da Federacao Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetricia 2016 12 2238(11) 559-563 doi 10.1055/s-0036-1594306
Abstract

Purpose To identify pregnancy as a causative factor of sexual dysfunction among expectant women. Methods A prospective study with 225 expectant mothers seen in the prenatal clinic of a federal university. Sexual function was evaluated by means of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and all domains were analyzed (desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain). Initially, a univariate analysis of the sample was done. The averages for each domain according to the risk of sexual dysfunction (FSFI ≤ 26.5) were compared using the Student’s t-test for independent samples. The strength of the correlation between sexual dysfunction and all sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral variables was measured by the Chi-Square (χ(2)) test. Then, odds ratios (ORs) and their confidence intervals were assigned to perform a bivariate analysis. Any p values less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results Approximately two-thirds of the women (66.7%) showed signs of risk of sexual dysfunction (FSFI ≤ 26.5). Within these cases, all sexual dysfunction domains (desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain) were found to be statistically significant (p < 0.001). The domains most affected were desire (2.67), satisfaction (2.71) and arousal (2.78). Conclusions Pregnancy appears to be an important causative factor of sexual dysfunction among pregnant women.

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