To compare specific dietary and behavioral recommendations for hemorrhoids prevention during pregnancy.
This was a randomized, single-blind, multicenter trial conducted in three different clinical centers. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups in a ratio of 1:1. Intervention consisted of specific dietary and behavioral counseling. The primary outcome of this study was the rate of hemorrhoids at the time of discharge from the obstetrics unit. Categorical variables were compared by the Chi-Squared or Fisher exact tests, as appropriate. Continuous variables were compared using either the Student’s t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test. Binary logistic regression model was used to identify independent predictors of hemorrhoids after delivery. This analysis was performed on factors with a p-value < 0.10 in univariate analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS 23.0 and GraphPad Prism 9 software. A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant for all tests.
We observed a significantly lower hemorrhoids rate in the intervention group at the time of discharge from the obstetrics unit after delivery (intention-to-treat (ITT) (the relative risk (RR) 0.38; 95% the confidence interval (CI) 0.24-0.59; p < 0.001) per-protocol (PP) (RR 0.42; 95% CI 0.27-0.64; p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in spontaneous miscarriage rate between the groups for both ITT and PP analysis. Additional binary logistic regression analysis revealed that the intervention applied in this study was the only protective factor. Both, the history of hemorrhoids before pregnancy and the increase of newborn height was associated with a higher risk of hemorrhoids.
Our suggested intervention, aimed to modify dietary and behavioral habits, significantly reduces the rate of hemorrhoids after pregnancy and can be safely recommended to pregnant women.
Date of registration: 2016-05-09; Date of initial patient enrollment: 2016-06-02; Trial registration number: 158200-16-843-357; Trial registration site URL: https://www.mf.vu.lt/mokslas/vilniaus-regioninis-biomedicininiu-39tyrimu-etikos-komitetas#isduoti40vrbtek-leidimai .

© 2022. The Author(s).