Despite available treatments for urinary incontinence, the data regarding prevention is less established. This review sought to identify prevention measures and discuss their underlying evidence base with an attempt to include the most recent updates in the field.
Urinary incontinence is a prevalent issue among women, particularly surrounding pregnancy and menopause. Interventions regarding pregnancy include not only general health promotion but also potentially interventions such as pelvic floor muscle training and decisions regarding method of delivery. With regard to menopause, the literature suggests avoiding treatments that have adverse effects on continence. Lastly, promoting healthy life style and reducing effects of co-morbid conditions can impact a woman’s continence. The literature indicates that preventative strategies exist for urinary incontinence, though the data is limited in this area. Further work is needed to determine the impact of prevention measures and how best to implement them.