Synovial fibroblasts have attracted considerable attention in studies of joint diseases. Although mice are useful and powerful in in vitro and in vivo experiments, primary cultures of mouse synovial fibroblasts are notoriously difficult because the mouse synovial tissues are much smaller and cell cycle arrests can be induced more easily in murine cells than in human cells. Here, we report a precise protocol for the isolation and culture of fibroblasts from mouse adipose and fibrous knee joint synovia. In both adipose and fibrous synovial fibroblasts, proliferation was decreased in addition to a higher rate of cellular senescence under normoxic conditions (20% O); however, it was maintained over 20 days with low cellular senescence under hypoxic conditions (3% O). The marker gene expression in adipose and fibrous synovial fibroblasts was not markedly altered after a 3-week culture. Both cells displayed similar potencies for chondrogenic, osteogenic, and adipogenic differentiation, and responses to a proinflammatory cytokine. The present method provides a sufficient amount of mouse synovial fibroblasts for in vitro and in vivo experiments in joint biology and the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
December 10, 2020
Comparative analysis of outcomes and long-term follow-up of robot-assisted pediatric kidney transplantation, with open counterpart.
November 23, 2020
Structure of intact chitinase with hevein domain from the plant Simarouba glauca, known for its traditional anti-inflammatory efficacy.
August 6, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.