SICOT-J 2017 04 073() 31 doi 10.1051/sicotj/2017013
The aim of this study was to prospectively analyze the role of primary hemiarthroplasty in unstable osteoporotic pertrochanteric fractures (AO/OTA Type 31 A2.3), with emphasis given to postoperative Functional Independent Measure (FIM) and Harris Hip Score (HHS).
Fifty-six consecutive patients (average age 78.25 ± 5.45), out of which 24 males (79.29 ± 4.99) and 32 females (77.47 ± 5.72), with unstable pertrochanteric femoral fractures, operated with primary hemiarthroplasty procedure from 2012 to 2014 were included in this prospective study with a follow-up of two years. Primary outcomes were FIM and HHS. Secondary outcomes included duration of surgery, estimated intraoperative blood loss, time to first postoperative full weight-bearing, time to walking ability with and without crutches, average hospital stay, postoperative complications, and mortality.
The FIM score at 3 months was 85.9 ± 5.7. HHS at two years was excellent for 41 patients (73, 2%), good for eight (14.3%), fair for four (7.1%), and poor for three (5.4%). The mean duration of surgery was 62.6 min, estimated intraoperative blood loss 175.5 mL, time to first postoperative full weight-bearing 2.2 ± 0.4 days, ability to walk with crutches 6.3 ± 1.8 days and without crutches 44.2 ± 12.7 days, and the average hospital stay was 9.6 ± 2.7 days.
This study highlighted good clinical postoperative outcome scores for primary hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of unstable pertrochanteric femoral fractures in elderly osteoporotic patients. This procedure seems to be secure and effective, and offers a good quality of life in terms of FIM and HHS.