The main purpose of this study is to determine Diagnostic tests including echocardiography, albuminuria, electrocardiogram (ECG), high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI), and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) have been suggested as cardiovascular (CV) risk predictors in type 2 diabetes. We studied the separate and combined prognostic yield of these risk markers.

In all, 1030 patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited from specialized clinics in this prospective cohort study. Full echocardiographic evaluation was feasible in 886 patients in sinus rhythm with adequate image quality. ECG was performed in 998 patients. Albuminuria was measured in 1009 and NT-proBNP/hs-TnI in 933 patients. The end point was a composite of CV events.

The median follow-up was 4.7 years (interquartile range: 4.0-5.3), and 174 patients experienced a CV disease event. All considered markers, except hs-TnI, were significantly (P < .001) associated with the outcome: abnormal echocardiogram (hazard ratio 2.40 [1.70-3.39]), albuminuria 2.01.

Reference link-