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Prognostic Impact of Diastolic Wall Strain in Patients at Risk for Heart Failure.

Prognostic Impact of Diastolic Wall Strain in Patients at Risk for Heart Failure.
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Minamisawa M, Miura T, Motoki H, Ueki Y, Shimizu K, Shoin W, Harada M, Mochidome T, Yoshie K, Oguchi Y, Hashizume N, Nishimura H, Abe N, Ebisawa S, Izawa A, Koyama J, Ikeda U,


Minamisawa M, Miura T, Motoki H, Ueki Y, Shimizu K, Shoin W, Harada M, Mochidome T, Yoshie K, Oguchi Y, Hashizume N, Nishimura H, Abe N, Ebisawa S, Izawa A, Koyama J, Ikeda U, (click to view)

Minamisawa M, Miura T, Motoki H, Ueki Y, Shimizu K, Shoin W, Harada M, Mochidome T, Yoshie K, Oguchi Y, Hashizume N, Nishimura H, Abe N, Ebisawa S, Izawa A, Koyama J, Ikeda U,

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International heart journal 2017 03 2158(2) 250-256 doi 10.1536/ihj.16-315
Abstract

Diastolic wall strain (DWS) is based on the linear elastic theory, according to which decreased wall thinning during diastole reflects reduced left ventricular compliance and thus increased diastolic stiffness. Increased diastolic stiffness as assessed by DWS is associated with a worse prognosis in patients who have heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction. However, there are no data about the prognostic value of DWS derived by M-mode echocardiography in patients at risk for HF. We retrospectively enrolled 1829 consecutive patients without prior HF who were hospitalized for cardiovascular (CV) diseases in our hospital between 2005 and 2012. Patients were divided into two groups stratified by DWS (median value 0.34). The study endpoint was the composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and hospitalization for HF. Over a 4.2-year median follow-up, adverse events were observed in 322 patients (17.6%). In Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with low DWS (≤ 0.34, n = 915) showed worse prognoses than those with high DWS (> 0.34, n = 914) (MACE incidence 39.4% versus 31.9%, P = 0.011). In multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis after the adjustment for age, sex, and echocardiographic parameters, low DWS (≤ 0.34) was significantly associated with the incidence of MACE (hazard ratio: 1.26, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.59; P = 0 .045). In patients without prior HF, DWS is an independent predictor of MACE. Simple assessment of DWS might improve risk stratification for CV events in those patients.

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