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Prognostic Value of Aortic Stiffness in Patients After ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Prognostic Value of Aortic Stiffness in Patients After ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.
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Feistritzer HJ, Klug G, Reinstadler SJ, Reindl M, Niess L, Nalbach T, Kremser C, Mayr A, Metzler B,


Feistritzer HJ, Klug G, Reinstadler SJ, Reindl M, Niess L, Nalbach T, Kremser C, Mayr A, Metzler B, (click to view)

Feistritzer HJ, Klug G, Reinstadler SJ, Reindl M, Niess L, Nalbach T, Kremser C, Mayr A, Metzler B,

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Journal of the American Heart Association 2017 09 086(9) pii e005590
Abstract
BACKGROUND
High aortic stiffness has been shown to be a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality in the general population and several patient cohorts. However, in patients after ST-elevation myocardial infarction, the prognostic value of high aortic stiffness is unknown so far.

METHODS AND RESULTS
This prospective observational study included 160 consecutive patients with first acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) was measured 2 (interquartile range 2-4 days) days after infarction using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The primary end point was defined as a composite end point of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) comprising death, nonfatal myocardial reinfarction, new congestive heart failure, and stroke. During a median follow-up of 1.2 years (interquartile range 1.0-3.1 years), 19 (12%) MACCE events occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significantly lower MACCE-free survival in patients with high PWV (PWV >7.3 m/s, log-rank P=0.003). Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed PWV >7.3 m/s to be an independent predictor of MACCE after adjustment for age, sex, mean blood pressure, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels, presence of multivessel disease, and left ventricular stroke volume (hazard ratios ≥3.5; 95% confidence interval 1.4-13.3; all P≤0.018). In reclassification analysis the addition of PWV to a risk model comprising major clinical prognostic parameters led to a net reclassification improvement of 0.11 (95% confidence interval 0.06-0.17; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS
Increased aortic stiffness is an independent predictor of MACCE after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Moreover, the assessment of aortic stiffness in addition to classical risk factors significantly improved early risk stratification.

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