This study aimed to investigate the association between different metastatic sites and survival in endometrial cancer (EC) patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IVB disease.
FIGO stage IVB patients with EC were selected from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results database. Overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify the prognostic factors for OS and CSS.
A total of 929 FIGO stage IVB patients with EC were identified. Patients with peritoneum metastasis were associated with significantly better OS and CSS compared to those with organ-specific metastasis (median OS: 29 vs 19 months, P = .005; median CSS: 47 vs 25 months, P < .001). Moreover, the survival superiority of peritoneum metastasis remained significant when organ-specific metastasis was further classified into specific single-organ metastasis. The multivariate analysis also indicated that compared with peritoneum metastasis, bone, brain, and lung metastasis were independent prognostic factors for worse OS. Similarly, distant lymph node, bone, brain, liver, and lung metastasis were associated with worse CSS.
Metastatic sites affected prognosis in FIGO stage IVB patients with EC. Patients with peritoneum metastasis had significantly better survival outcomes than those with organ-specific metastasis.
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