Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 65(8) 1266-1271 doi 10.1093/cid/cix547
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an increasing cause of morbidity among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV; PLWH). We projected cumulative CVD risk in PLWH in care compared to the US general population and persons HIV-uninfected, but at high risk for HIV.
We used a mathematical model to project cumulative CVD incidence. We simulated a male and female cohort for each of 3 populations: US general population; HIV-uninfected, at high risk for HIV; and PLWH. We incorporated the higher smoking prevalence and increased CVD risk due to smoking into the HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected, at high risk for HIV populations. We incorporated HIV-attributable CVD risk, independent of smoking.
For men, life expectancy ranged from 70.2 to 77.5 years and for women from 67.0 to 81.1 years (PLWH, US general population). Without antiretroviral therapy, lifetime CVD risk for HIV-infected males and females was 12.9% and 9.0%. For males, by age 60, cumulative CVD incidence was estimated at 20.5% in PLWH in care, 14.6% in HIV-uninfected high-risk persons, and 12.8% in the US general population. For females, cumulative CVD incidence was projected to be 13.8% in PLWH in care, 9.7% for high-risk HIV-uninfected persons, and 9.4% in the US general population. Lifetime CVD risk was 64.8% for HIV-infected males compared to 54.8% for males in the US general population, but similar among females.
CVD risks should be a part of treatment evaluation among PLWH. CVD prevention strategies could offer important health benefits for PLWH and should be evaluated.