An acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a very serious type of heart attack and a profoundly life-threatening medical emergency, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred strategy. However, in patients undergoing primary PCI, 30% to 40% may suffer the no-reflow phenomenon (NRP), and it could expand the myocardial infarction area and accompanied with high rehospitalization rate and fatality rate. In this study, we try to conduct a double blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to observe whether the prophylactically intracoronary administration of Nicorandil could reduce the occurrence of NRP in STEMI patients undergoing PCI.
Simple randomization in a 1:1 ratio will be made in blocks of variable size according to a random numbers generated by Excel 2010 to divide the patients to treatment group (Nicorandil) and control group (Saline). The outcomes are the occurrence of NRP, levels of interleukin-6 and HS-CRP, cTnT, and CK-MB before, and every 4 hours following PCI, and major adverse cardiovascular events at day 30. SPSS 23.0 (IBM, Chicago, IL) will be used, and P-value < .05 will be considered statistically significant.
The findings will determine the efficacy of prophylactically intracoronary administration of Nicorandil to reduce the occurrence of NRP during PCI in acute STEMI patients.
OSF Registration number: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/QPF3V.

Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
For latest news and updates