Recently, transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue is the method for fertility preservation for oncologic and nononcologic reasons. The main challenge of ovarian cryopreservation followed by transplantation is that ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) induced the loss of follicles. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of glutathione (GSH), ulinastatin (UTI) or both (GSH+UTI) on preventing ischemia reperfusion-induced follicles depletion in ovarian grafts.Ovarian fragments were collected from 20 women aged 29±6 years. Frozen-thawed human ovarian tissue was xenografted into SCID mice, at the same time GSH, UTI and GSH+UTI was administrated respectively. The ovarian grafts were collected at the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, 28th, 56th, and 85th day after xenotransplantation. Follicle survival rate was measured by H&E staining and Live/Dead staining. Angiogenic activity and macrophage recruitment was evidenced by immunohistochemical staining. The oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines in human ovarian xenografts were measured by real-time PCR. The results indicated that after the treatments of GSH, UTI and GSH+UTI in the hosts, follicular survival in ovarian grafts were improved. The level of VEGF, CD31, and antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase 1 and superoxide dismutase 2 in ovarian grafts were increased. Accumulation of macrophages, level of IL6 and TNF-α, as well as malondialdehyde was decreased in ovarian grafts from treated groups. In conclusion, administration of GSH, UTI and GSH+UTI decreased the depletion of follicles in human grafts post-transplantation by inhibiting IRI-induced antiangiogenesis, oxidative stress and inflammation.
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