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Protocol for a single-centre, randomised controlled study of a preoperative rehabilitation bundle in the frail and elderly undergoing abdominal surgery.

Protocol for a single-centre, randomised controlled study of a preoperative rehabilitation bundle in the frail and elderly undergoing abdominal surgery.
Author Information (click to view)

Abdullah HR, Lien VP, Ong HK, Er PL, Hao Y, Khan SA, Liu CW,


Abdullah HR, Lien VP, Ong HK, Er PL, Hao Y, Khan SA, Liu CW, (click to view)

Abdullah HR, Lien VP, Ong HK, Er PL, Hao Y, Khan SA, Liu CW,

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BMJ open 2017 08 047(8) e016815 doi 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016815
Abstract
INTRODUCTION
Frail patients have decreased physiological reserves and consequently, they are unable to recover as quickly from surgery. Frailty, as an entity, is a risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. It is also associated with a longer time to discharge. This trial is undertaken to determine if a novel prehabilitation protocol (10-day bundle of interventions-physiotherapy, nutritional supplementation and cognitive training) can reduce the postoperative length of stay of frail patients who are undergoing elective abdominal surgery, compared with standard care.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS
This is a prospective, single-centre, randomised controlled trial with two parallel arms. 62 patients who are frail and undergoing elective abdominal surgery will be recruited and randomised to receive either a novel prehabilitation protocol or standard care. Participants will receive telephone reminders preoperatively to encourage protocol compliance. Data will be collected for up to 30 days postoperatively. The primary outcome of the trial will be the postoperative length of stay and the secondary outcomes are the postoperative complications and functional recovery during the hospital admission.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION
This study has been approved by the Singapore General Hospital Institutional Review Board (CIRB Ref: 2016/2584). The study is also listed on ClinicalTrials.gov (Trial number: NCT02921932). All participants will sign an informed consent form before randomisation and translators will be made available to non-English speaking patients. The results of this study will be published in peer-reviewed journals as well as national and international conferences. The data collected will also be made available in a public data repository.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER
NCT02921932 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

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