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Provisional criteria for the diagnosis of hypertension in pregnancy using home blood pressure measurements.

Provisional criteria for the diagnosis of hypertension in pregnancy using home blood pressure measurements.
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Mikami Y, Takai Y, Era S, Ono Y, Saitoh M, Baba K, Suzuki H, Seki H,


Mikami Y, Takai Y, Era S, Ono Y, Saitoh M, Baba K, Suzuki H, Seki H, (click to view)

Mikami Y, Takai Y, Era S, Ono Y, Saitoh M, Baba K, Suzuki H, Seki H,

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Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension 2017 02 09() doi 10.1038/hr.2017.6
Abstract

Most guidelines for the management of hypertension define it as a home blood pressure (HBP) value >135/85 mm Hg. However, there is no reference HBP value to diagnose hypertension in pregnant women. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed HBP measurements of pregnant women to determine whether it is appropriate to use the criteria for non-pregnant subjects for pregnant women. The participants of this study were 100 singleton pregnant women who visited our hospital between September 2013 and September 2016. We lent sphygmomanometers to the patients so they could measure their BP at home twice daily, and we measured their clinical BP when they visited the hospital. Six patients developed hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, whereas there were 63 women without hypertension or other complications that may affect BP. In the normotensive pregnant women, HBP values significantly correlated with the clinical BP values. HBP values equivalent to a clinical BP of 140/90 mm Hg, determined using the standard major axis method, were 120.8/83.5 mm Hg, 126.0/85.2 mm Hg and 136.3/89.3 mm Hg in the first, second and third trimesters, respectively. In normotensive pregnant women, HBP levels that indicate a risk of hypertensive disorder in pregnancy may be lower than 135/85 mm Hg before 28 weeks of gestation.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 9 February 2017; doi:10.1038/hr.2017.6.

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