The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the changes of the foot’s blood supply after endovascular treatment in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) using foot computed tomography (CT) perfusion.

Nineteen patients who underwent endovascular treatment for PAD between January 2018 and November 2018 were included in the study. Perfusion CT scanning was performed before and after intervention with the measurement of ankle-brachial index. Regions of interest were selected from two arteries and four different tissues per foot. Perfusion maps of blood volume, blood flow, permeability surface area product, time to peak (TTP), mean transit time (MTT), mean slope of increase (MSI), Tmax, and impulse response function (IRFt0) were constructed and calculated by the perfusion analysis software. Wilcoxon signed rank test was performed on the eight parameter pairs of the limbs on the treated and untreated sides before and after intervention in the 19 patients. Perfusion CT is a feasible and repeatable approach for quantifying blood supply in patients with PAD. The increase of blood flow, MSI, and MTT shortening suggest blood supply improvement after revascularization in both arterial perfusion and tissue perfusion. In addition, TTP may be a sensitive indicator of blood supply changes in tissue perfusion.

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