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Radiofrequency versus microwave ablation for treatment of the lung tumours: LUMIRA (lung microwave radiofrequency) randomized trial.

Radiofrequency versus microwave ablation for treatment of the lung tumours: LUMIRA (lung microwave radiofrequency) randomized trial.
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Macchi M, Belfiore MP, Floridi C, Serra N, Belfiore G, Carmignani L, Grasso RF, Mazza E, Pusceddu C, Brunese L, Carrafiello G,


Macchi M, Belfiore MP, Floridi C, Serra N, Belfiore G, Carmignani L, Grasso RF, Mazza E, Pusceddu C, Brunese L, Carrafiello G, (click to view)

Macchi M, Belfiore MP, Floridi C, Serra N, Belfiore G, Carmignani L, Grasso RF, Mazza E, Pusceddu C, Brunese L, Carrafiello G,

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Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England) 2017 04 1834(5) 96 doi 10.1007/s12032-017-0946-x
Abstract

The LUMIRA trial evaluated the effectiveness of radiofrequency (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) in lung tumours ablation and defining more precisely their fields of application. It is a controlled prospective multi-centre random trial with 1:1 randomization. Fifty-two patients in stage IV disease (15 females and 37 males, mean age 69 y.o., range 40-87) were included. We randomized the patients in two different subgroups: MWA group and RFA group. For each group, we evaluated the technical and clinical success, the overall survival and complication rate. Inter-group difference was compared using Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and one-way ANOVA test for continuous variables. For RFA group, there was a significant reduction in tumour size only between 6 and 12 months (p value = 0.0014). For MWA group, there was a significant reduction in tumour size between 6 and 12 months (p value = 0.0003) and between pre-therapy and 12 months (p value = 0.0215). There were not significant differences between the two groups in terms of survival time (p value = 0.883), while the pain level in MWA group was significantly less than in RFA group (1.79 < 3.25, p value = 0.0043). In conclusion, our trial confirms RFA and MWA are both excellent choices in terms of efficacy and safety in lung tumour treatments. However, when compared to RFA therapy, MWA produced a less intraprocedural pain and a significant reduction in tumour mass.

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