Anaesthesiology intensive therapy 2017 07 16() doi 10.5603/AIT.a2017.0031
Background Shoulder arthroscopic procedures impose a challenge to anaesthesiologists in terms of postoperative analgesia. Proper pain management after arthroscopic procedures improves patient satisfaction and facilitates early rehabilitation.
We performed a randomized, prospective clinical study to assess the influence of anthropometric parameters and IBPB technique on the quality of postoperative analgesia. A total of 106 randomly selected patients of ASA I-III status scheduled for elective shoulder arthroscopy . Reasons for exclusion were neurological deficit in the upper arm, allergies to amide-type local anesthetics, coagulopathy, and pregnancy.The patients received 20 ml of 0.5% ropivacaine for an ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) (group U), peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS)-confirmed IBPB (group N), or ultrasound-guided, PNS-confirmed IBPB (dual guidance; group NU). Results We observed that the three groups did not differ in mean time of sensory and motor block terminations. In individual cases in each group, sensory block lasted up to 890-990 minutes, providing satisfactory long lasting postoperative analgesia in patients receiving IBPB. We observed a negative correlation between body mass index and termination of motor block (p=0.037, Pearson’s correlation coefficient) and a positive correlation between age and termination of sensory block (p=0.0314, Pearson’s correlation coefficient) in group U compared to the other two groups. We found a positive correlation between male gender and termination of motor block (p=0.0487, Pearson’s correlation coefficient) in group N compared to the other two groups. Conclusion In our study, patients received satisfactory analgesia in the postoperative period regardless of technique used, age, gender, or potentially uncommon anthropometry.