The aim of our prospective, single-center, randomized study was to compare the procedural outcomes and complication rates of ultrasound (US)-guided common femoral artery (CFA) access to fluoroscopic guidance in noncardiac procedures. A total of 635 patients undergoing femoral access for noncardiac diagnostic or interventional procedures were randomized 1:1 to receive either fluoroscopic or US-guided access. The primary end point of the study was successful CFA cannulation. Secondary end points included the first-pass success rate, time to sheath insertion, and accidental venipunctures rate. Both short (24 hours) and midterm (30-90 days postprocedure) access complications were assessed by practitioners blinded to patient randomization.

Successful CFA cannulation occurred in 93% of US-guided procedures compared with 86% of fluoroscopy-guided access (P = .002). US guidance was associated with increased rates of first-attempt success (74% vs 42%; P < .001), fewer inadvertent venipunctures (2% vs 10 %; P < .001), and decreased median time to cannulation (80 vs 100 seconds; P < .001) compared with fluoroscopy.

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