The aim of this article is to review the recent literature on orthognathic surgery for treatment of malocclusion and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The discussion outlines the refinements of the procedure and advances in technology.
Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) may be performed for complex malocclusion and OSA. Although orthodontic management followed by MMA has been the gold standard in managing complex cases, the surgery first approach for treatment of malocclusion has increased in popularity because of decreased treatment time and improved patient quality of life. MMA continues to be the gold-standard for treatment of refractory sleep apnea. Technological advancements, including 3D printing and virtual surgical planning, have enhanced the patient experience and provided more efficiency to this surgery.
First introduced in the 19th century, orthognathic surgery has continuously been refined. Over the last few decades, there has been increasing support for a surgery first approach in the treatment of malocclusion. MMA has revolutionized the surgical treatment of OSA and provides the best opportunity for success or cure in patients with complex obstructive patterns. Technology has enhanced the surgical process and created more efficiency for the surgeon and patient. VIDEO ABSTRACT: