In this review, we discuss how the approach should be throughout the symptomatic and diagnostic process of recurrent bladder cystitis.
The available literature regarding recurrent bladder cystitis in the PubMed database has been reviewed. While urinary tract infections (UTIs) are amongst the most commonly seen diseases in society, the probability of having a UTI in women within a year is 15%. Within a lifetime, it is above 50%. In addition to the related comorbidities and decreased quality of life, the resulting cost constitutes a serious burden on national economies. Recurrent UTI (rUTI) refers to a group of patients who have suffered from a UTI at least three times in the last 12 months or at least two times during the previous 6 months and have diminished quality of life. During this chronic and bothersome process, it is also complicated as to who is going to make the diagnosis of patients and by whom treatment or follow-up will be provided.
Although there is no clear answer to this issue in the literature, the urologist might be the moderator of this chronic process as the physician who most frequently faces this condition in daily practice, is most aware of the uroanatomy as well as the pathophysiology and performs relevant operations in cases of necessity. At this point, rather than limiting the evaluation and treatment to a single specialty, it is crucial to solve the problem by using a multidisciplinary approach.