Respiratory research 2017 05 1918(1) 99 doi 10.1186/s12931-017-0588-8
Skeletal muscle weakness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important predictor of poor prognosis, but the molecular mechanisms of muscle weakness in COPD have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of histone deacetylases(HDAC) in skeletal muscle weakness in COPD.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Twelve COPD patients, 8 smokers without COPD (SM) and 4 healthy non-smokers (NS) were recruited to the study. HDAC2 protein expression in quadriceps muscle biopsies of COPD patients (HDAC2/β-actin: 0.59 ± 0.34) was significantly lower than that in SM (1.9 ± 1.1, p = 0.0007) and NS (1.2 ± 0.7, p = 0.029). HDAC2 protein in skeletal muscle was significantly correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s % predicted (FEV1 % pred) (rs = 0.53, p = 0.008) and quadriceps maximum voluntary contraction force (MVC) (rs = 0.42, p = 0.029). HDAC5 protein in muscle biopsies of COPD patients (HDAC5/β-actin: 0.44 ± 0.26) was also significantly lower than that in SM (1.29 ± 0.39, p = 0.0001) and NS (0.98 ± 0.43, p = 0.020). HDAC5 protein in muscle was significantly correlated with FEV1 % pred (rs = 0.64, p = 0.0007) but not with MVC (rs = 0.30, p = 0.180). Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) DNA binding activity in muscle biopsies of COPD patients (10.1 ± 7.4) was significantly higher than that in SM (3.9 ± 7.3, p = 0.020) and NS (1.0 ± 1.2, p = 0.004and significantly correlated with HDAC2 decrease (rs = -0.59, p = 0.003) and HDAC5 (rs = 0.050, p = 0.012). HDAC2 knockdown by RNA interference in primary skeletal muscle cells caused an increase in NF-κB activity, NF-κB acetylation and basal tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α production, as well as progressive cell death through apoptosis.
Skeletal muscle weakness in COPD may result from HDAC2 down-regulation in skeletal muscle via acetylation and activation of NF-κB. The restoration of HDAC2 levels might be a therapeutic target for improving skeletal muscle weakness in COPD.