Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) has been accepted as a treatment option for aggressive (acute or lymphoma type) adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) patients with a poor prognosis, when a suitable HLA-matched donor is not available. However, haplo-HSCT carries a potential risk of treatment-related mortality including severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Therefore, we conducted a prospective pilot study in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of reduced-intensity haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (haplo-PBSCT) with low-dose thymoglobulin (2.5 mg/kg only on day -2), fludarabine, melphalan, and total body irradiation 4 Gy for aggressive ATLL. Three consecutive acute type ATLL patients, who were ineligible for conventional myeloablative conditioning due to advanced age or comorbidities, were enrolled. One patient received pretransplant mogamulizumab therapy. All the patients were not in complete remission (CR) at the time of transplantation. Our transplantation protocol was safely carried out. CR was achieved in all the patients after transplantation. HTLV-I viral loads became undetectable after transplantation. No severe adverse events such as grade III-IV GVHD or viral/fungal diseases were observed. At a follow-up of 2 years, they were still in CR. However, T cell receptor repertoire diversities were low 1 year after transplantation in next-generation sequencing. Our results show encouraging therapeutic benefits of this pilot approach using reduced-intensity haplo-PBSCT with low-dose thymoglobulin for aggressive ATLL patients.
February 17, 2020
Single-agent activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibition with copanlisib in patients with molecularly defined relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
February 17, 2020
Associations of gene polymorphisms with the development and clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a case-control study in northern Chinese population.
January 24, 2020