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Refractive index tomograms and dynamic membrane fluctuations of red blood cells from patients with diabetes mellitus.

Refractive index tomograms and dynamic membrane fluctuations of red blood cells from patients with diabetes mellitus.
Author Information (click to view)

Lee S, Park H, Kim K, Sohn Y, Jang S, Park Y,


Lee S, Park H, Kim K, Sohn Y, Jang S, Park Y, (click to view)

Lee S, Park H, Kim K, Sohn Y, Jang S, Park Y,

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Scientific reports 2017 04 217(1) 1039 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-01036-4
Abstract

In this paper, we present the optical characterisations of diabetic red blood cells (RBCs) in a non-invasive manner employing three-dimensional (3-D) quantitative phase imaging. By measuring 3-D refractive index tomograms and 2-D time-series phase images, the morphological (volume, surface area and sphericity), biochemical (haemoglobin concentration and content) and mechanical (membrane fluctuation) parameters were quantitatively retrieved at the individual cell level. With simultaneous measurements of individual cell properties, systematic correlative analyses on retrieved RBC parameters were also performed. Our measurements show there exist no statistically significant alterations in morphological and biochemical parameters of diabetic RBCs, compared to those of healthy (non-diabetic) RBCs. In contrast, membrane deformability of diabetic RBCs is significantly lower than that of healthy, non-diabetic RBCs. Interestingly, non-diabetic RBCs exhibit strong correlations between the elevated glycated haemoglobin in RBC cytoplasm and decreased cell deformability, whereas diabetic RBCs do not show correlations. Our observations strongly support the idea that slow and irreversible glycation of haemoglobin and membrane proteins of RBCs by hyperglycaemia significantly compromises RBC deformability in diabetic patients.

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