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Regulation of δ Opioid Receptor-Mediated Signaling and Antinociception in Peripheral Sensory Neurons by Arachidonic Acid-Dependent 12/15-Lipoxygenase Metabolites.

Regulation of δ Opioid Receptor-Mediated Signaling and Antinociception in Peripheral Sensory Neurons by Arachidonic Acid-Dependent 12/15-Lipoxygenase Metabolites.
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Sullivan LC, Chavera TA, Gao X, Pando MM, Berg KA,


Sullivan LC, Chavera TA, Gao X, Pando MM, Berg KA, (click to view)

Sullivan LC, Chavera TA, Gao X, Pando MM, Berg KA,

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The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics 2017 05 02362(1) 200-209 doi 10.1124/jpet.117.241604
Abstract

The function of δ opioid receptors (DOR) expressed by peripheral pain-sensing neurons (nociceptors) is regulated by both cyclooxygenase- and lipoxygenase (LOX)-dependent arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites. Whereas cyclooxygenase metabolites enhance responsiveness, LOX metabolites elicit a refractory, nonsignaling state of the DOR receptor system for antinociceptive signaling. In this study, using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analyses, we have found that the 12-/15-LOX metabolites, 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) and 15-HETE, were elevated after treatment of adult rat primary sensory neuron cultures with AA. Exogenously applied 12-HETE and 15-HETE, but not 5-HETE, completely prevented DOR and κ opioid receptor (KOR) agonist-mediated inhibition of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-stimulated cAMP accumulation, but not inhibition, by the 5-HT1 receptor agonist 5-carboxamidotryptamine in cultured peripheral sensory neurons and in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells heterologously expressing DOR or KOR. Similarly, intraplantar injection of 12- or 15-HETE, either alone or in combination, prevented DOR agonist-mediated inhibition of PGE2-evoked thermal allodynia. Further, both AA- and carrageenan-mediated induction of the nonresponsive state of the DOR system was blocked by an intraplantar coinjection of the 12-/15-LOX inhibitors baicalein and luteolin. In contrast to the regulation of cAMP signaling, pretreatment with 12- and 15-HETE had no effect on either DOR or KOR agonist- mediated activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase in peripheral sensory neurons or CHO cells. These results suggest that the analgesic efficacy of peripherally restricted opioids for treatment of inflammatory pain may be enhanced by adjunct inhibition of LOX activity.

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