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Regulation of viral gene expression by duck enteritis virus UL54.

Regulation of viral gene expression by duck enteritis virus UL54.
Author Information (click to view)

Liu C, Cheng A, Wang M, Chen S, Jia R, Zhu D, Liu M, Sun K, Yang Q, Wu Y, Zhao X, Chen X,


Liu C, Cheng A, Wang M, Chen S, Jia R, Zhu D, Liu M, Sun K, Yang Q, Wu Y, Zhao X, Chen X, (click to view)

Liu C, Cheng A, Wang M, Chen S, Jia R, Zhu D, Liu M, Sun K, Yang Q, Wu Y, Zhao X, Chen X,

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Scientific reports 2017 04 217(1) 1076 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-01161-0
Abstract

Duck enteritis virus (DEV) UL54 is a homologue of human herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) ICP27, which plays essential regulatory roles during infection. Our previous studies indicated that DEV UL54 is an immediate-early protein that can shuttle between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. In the present study, we found that UL54-deleted DEV (DEV-ΔUL54) exhibits growth kinetics, a plaque size and a viral DNA copy number that are significantly different from those of its parent wild-type virus (DEV-LoxP) and the revertant (DEV-ΔUL54 (Revertant)). Relative viral mRNA levels, reflecting gene expression, the transcription phase and the translation stage, are also significantly different between DEV-ΔUL54-infected cells and DEV-LoxP/DEV-ΔUL54 (Revertant)-infected cells. However, the localization pattern of UL30 mRNA is obviously changed in DEV-ΔUL54-infected cells. These findings suggest that DEV UL54 is important for virus growth and may regulate viral gene expression during transcription, mRNA export and translation.

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