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Relation of plasma selenium and lipid peroxidation end products in patients with Alzheimer’s disease.

Relation of plasma selenium and lipid peroxidation end products in patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
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Chmatalova Z, Vyhnalek M, Laczo J, Hort J, Pospisilova R, Pechova M, Skoumalova A,


Chmatalova Z, Vyhnalek M, Laczo J, Hort J, Pospisilova R, Pechova M, Skoumalova A, (click to view)

Chmatalova Z, Vyhnalek M, Laczo J, Hort J, Pospisilova R, Pechova M, Skoumalova A,

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Physiological research 2017 09 22()
Abstract

Increased oxidative stress in the brain during the course of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) leads to an imbalance of antioxidants and formation of free radical reaction end-products which may be detected in blood as fluorescent lipofuscin-like pigments (LFPs). The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare LFPs with plasma selenium concentrations representing an integral part of the antioxidant system. Plasma samples from subjects with AD dementia (ADD; n=11), mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n=17) and controls (n=12), were collected. The concentration of selenium was measured using atomic absorption spectroscopy. LFPs were analysed by fluorescence spectroscopy and quantified for different fluorescent maxima and then correlated with plasma selenium. Lower levels of selenium were detected in MCI and ADD patients than in controls (P=0.003 and P=0.049 respectively). Additionally, higher fluorescence intensities of LFPs were observed in MCI patients than in controls in four fluorescence maxima and higher fluorescence intensities were also observed in MCI patients than in ADD patients in three fluorescence maxima respectively. A negative correlation between selenium concentrations and LFPs fluorescence was observed in the three fluorescence maxima. This is the first study focused on correlation of plasma selenium with specific lipofuscin-like products of oxidative stress in plasma of patients with Alzheimer´s disease and Mild cognitive impairment.

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