This study aimed to investigate the relationship between subjective quality of life (QOL) and the specific domains of perceptions of recovery orientation of treatment services in patients with schizophrenia and major depressive disorder (MDD).
One hundred and seventy-nine patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and fifty-seven patients with MDD were recruited. Patients were assessed on subjective QOL, self-reported depressive symptoms, illness severity, functioning, and perception of recovery orientation of the service environment (RSA). A multiple linear regression model was used to assess the relationship between QOL and RSA score, controlling for all other factors. Spearman correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between RSA domains and total QOL in each diagnostic group separately.
The regression model explained 47.4 % of the variance observed in total QOL. Depressive symptoms, functioning and RSA were significantly associated with total QOL in the model. Domains one (life goals) and five (individually tailored services) of the RSA were associated with QOL in both groups. Domains two (patient involvement) and three (diversity of treatment options) were associated with total QOL only in patients with schizophrenia.
Our findings highlight that perceptions of recovery orientation of service, depressive symptoms and functioning significantly affected the subjective QOL of patients with serious mental illness. The differential relationship observed between QOL and domains of RSA in patients with MDD and schizophrenia suggests that targeted interventions meeting the needs of different patient groups may be crucial to improve QOL of patients.