This study was designed to investigate the association of the xanthine oxidase (XO) polymorphisms and susceptibility to anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ATDILI) in Chinese population. A total of 183 tuberculosis patients were enrolled. Patients with ATDILI were classified as cases and those without ATDILI were classified as controls. Genotyping for XO polymorphisms was determined by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. The allele frequencies and genotype distribution was analyzed using the Chi square test to analyze the association between the gene polymorphisms and ATDILI. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the risk factors of ATDILI. A total of 21 patients were developed liver injury during anti-tuberculosis treatment in this study, with an incidence of 11.48%. In genotype analysis, no significant difference was observed in the alleles and genotypes frequencies of the six SNPs between two groups (P > 0.05). In haplotype analysis, carriers with GGGATA (rs1884725- rs2295475 -rs45523133- rs206812- rs206813- rs7575607) haplotype had a significantly higher risk of ATDILI compared with other haplotypes (OR = 2.445, 95%CI: 1.058-5.652, P < 0.05). This study suggested that the haplotype GGGATA constructed with rs206812 and rs7575607 mutant alleles might contribute to ATDILI susceptibility in a Chinese population.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.