The aim of the study was to investigate associations between computed tomography (CT) imaging characteristics, DNA methylation subtyping, and overall survival in renal cell carcinomas.
Survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier analysis. The CT data from 212 patients generated with The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) were reviewed. Identified were 70 (33.0%) M1 subtype, 17 (8.0%) M2 subtype, and 125 (59.0%) M3 subtype. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the logistic regression model.
Patients with M1 subtype had the shortest median overall survival (P median, short axis > median, and intratumoral vascularity were associated with a significantly higher incidence of M1 subtype (P < 0.05). Short axis ≤ median, absence of necrosis, absence of intratumoral vascularity, and nodular enhancement were associated with M2 subtype (P < 0.05). Short axis ≤ median, long axis ≤ median, long axis of less than 70 mm, and necrosis were associated with a significantly higher incidence of M3 subtype (P < 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, long axis of greater than 70 mm (odds ratio [OR] = 2.452, P = 0.004; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.332-4.514) and necrosis (OR = 4.758, P = 0.041, 95% CI = 1.065-21.250) were associated with M1 subtype (area under the curve [AUC] = 0. 664). Necrosis (OR = 0.047, P median (OR = 0.303, P < 0.001, 95% CI = 0.164-0.561) and necrosis (OR = 3.256, P = 0.003, 95% CI = 1.617-10.303) were associated with M3 subtype (AUC = 0. 664).
The shortest survival was observed in patients with M1 subtype. This preliminary radiogenomics analysis of renal cell carcinoma demonstrated associations between CT imaging characteristic and DNA methylation subtyping.